Boxing is one of the most popular sports across the globe. It is a combat sport that involves two opponents punching each other with glove-encased fists and trying to avoid being hit by their opponents. Every sport has injury risks, but in boxing the risks are even greater due to its physical combative nature. If proper measures were not to be taken, then death would be very common from boxing contests. There are rules and regulations that have been laid down that govern boxing as a sport and help in preserving, maintaining and protecting the health of boxers.
- General rules and regulations
The boxing round lasts for 3 minutes for males and 2 minutes for females with a 1 minute rest. The world titles and intercontinental titles have 12 rounds. Regional rounds have 120 rounds. All the opponents must be in protective gear which includes bandages, mouthpiece, protectors , best jump rope and winning boxing gloves.
- Medical examination and safety
For one to become a boxer a thorough medical and fitness examination has to be conducted to ascertain the fitness and wellbeing of an individual to participate in the game. Local commissions having jurisdiction over the contests always require medical reports over health of the boxers. Prior to each contest physical examination is conducted and approval is required from the physicians appointed by the local commission. Physicians are also required by the ringside to offer healthcare services when any misfortune occurs during the matches.
- Weight and weigh in
There are given weight divisions recognized for world boxing federation championships. Boxers are usually weighed at least one day prior to the scheduled match. The weight of a boxer is very important in determining the championship. Every match has prescribed weights which have to be met by both the contestants.
- The referee
Referees are arbitrators in boxing matches. As the matches begin the referees examines the bandages and gloves of each boxers. He is authorized to stop the match when there in biasness or injury that may lead to serious health complications. He also determines whether injuries are as a result of legal blows, accidental or intentional fouls.
- Drugs and stimulants
Anti-doping test are conducted before and after the match to prove that none of the boxers is using illegal drugs or performance enhancing stimulants. Those found guilty face punishment and are even stripped of their titles. However, there are certain drugs that are allowed during the matches. Plain water and other legal electrolyte drinks are also allowed.
There is a required standard for a ring. The rings should not be less than 18 feet by 24 feet. Four ropes are mandatory. The ring should be able to meet the laid down safety standards
- The judges.
Boxing contests are evaluated by three judges who after a careful evaluation come up with the winner. There are certain qualifications one has to meet to become a judge. The judges do the scoring in points and after the entire 12 rounds declare who is the winner.
Fouls are in two categories, intentional and accidental. The punishments to these types of fouls are different. The referee helps in determining the fouls.